Raccoons range in size from 12 to 36 pounds having a body 26 to 38 inches long including a 10 inch tail. Their coat is long and thick, grizzled, grayish brown, black mask below white eyebrows. Legs are medium in length; paws are puffy and they have flexible toes used for climbing.
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The skunk is 20” to 30” long including a 10” to 15” tail weighing 6 to 12 lbs. There coat is thick, fluffy, mainly black with a large white nape patch that continues and becomes two stripes along sides of back, usually reaching the tail (occasionally mostly white above).
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Woodchucks range in size from 20” to 27” long, excluding the tail, weighing 5 to 12 lbs. Woodchucks are grizzled brown on the top part of their coat, some with blackish or rufous tones and they are buffy below. Ears are short, rounded and their face has pale puffy patches. Legs are short and powerful and their tail is bushy.
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There are two types of Voles found in our service area, the meadow vole and the pine vole. They are 4” to 7 1/2 “ long weighing ½ to 2 ½ ounces. The meadow vole is larger than the pine vole. In general, voles are brown or gray in color with dense fur. They are a compact rodent with a stocky body, short legs and a short tail. They look very much like a mouse.
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There are three types of moles found in the state of New York, the hairy tailed mole, the star nose mole and the eastern mole. The eastern mole is the most commonly found mole in the Hudson Valley of New York. Therefore we will focus on the eastern mole. Moles love to reside in lawns, meadow, orchards and woods with moist loose soil. They mostly eat insects, ie grubs, beetle larvae, earthworms and some carrion.
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Muskrats range in size from 18 to 36” long, including the 10 to 12” tail. They typically weigh between 1.5 to 4 lbs. The muskrat is classified as a rodent because of its four incisor teeth in the front of the mouth. The two upper and two lower incisors overlap, allowing them to self-sharpen as they are used. Folds of skin behind the incisors allow a submerged muskrat to cut vegetation without getting water into its mouth.
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